RESTORATIVE TREATMENTS (DENTAL FILLING)
It is a branch of science that treats tissue loss in tooth structure caused by caries, trauma and various anomalies with different fillers. It is used to provide a better form, function and aesthetics of teeth. Restorative treatments also takes preventive measures to stop the formation of new caries.
Fillings types are as follows: Composite fillings, amalgam fillings, laminate veneer restorations, inlay-onlay-overlay restorations, pulp-capping treatment, vital / non-vital whitening treatments and tooth sensitivity treatment.
Composite Fillings: Fillings of a color matching that of the tooth to re-pair caries, cracks or discolored teeth. Composite fillings can also be used to close gaps between the teeth, show the teeth longer, or change the shape or color of the teeth.
Vital/Non-vital Whitening Treatments: Whitening agent is applied to the teeth that have discoloration for any reason and the aesthetic expectations of the patient are tried to be achieved by making the teeth become whiter and of a normal color. Non-vital whitening methods are applied to teeth that have undergone root canal treatment and/or are discolored.
Tooth Sensitivity Treatment: Tooth sensitivity is a general term used for dentin sensitivity or root sensitivity. Hot, cold, sweet or very acidic beverages and foods, or if breathing in cold air causes tooth sensitivity or pain, it means your tooth or teeth are sensitive.
Esthetic fillings / Inlay And Onlay
Inlays, also known as porcelain fillings, are aesthetic solutions aimed at replacing tooth tissue loss due to caries, fractures, etc. It is a treatment between filling and coating and is a more durable treatment option when dental tissue cannot be repaired by filling.
Inlays and Onlays can be made using different materials. Classical ceramics or new generation ceramics prepared with computer programs are fiber reinforced filler materials, although gold has been preferred in sensitive teeth due to its softness in the past, its usage has decreased today. The choice of material can be made depending on many factors; The structure of the tooth which is selected by the dentist depending on many factors such as the closure of the teeth, the functional state of the teeth, the patient's clenching habits and the state of the restorations existing in the adjacent / opposite teeth. At IDH we match the filling both aesthetically and functionally to the preferences of our patient. In some cases the patient has undergone canal treatment and/or in cases where the tooth form is lost in substance that is too large to be formed again in the mouth, with these types of restorations, the points of contact with adjacent teeth and the tooth's own form can be prepared as required.
How to prepare porcelain fillings?
Inlays / onlays are firstly cleaned from dental caries and given a form suitable for restoration, then the measurement is taken. Two options can be followed to take measurements, considering both the doctor's material preference and the patient's desire. The first one is the classic measure which is taken with special spoons and it’s preferred with classical ceramics and the Inlay / Onlays are prepared by hand in the laboratory environment. The second method is the measurement taken using digital scanning systems (CAD / CAM). This system is based on recording the inside of the mouth and the prepared area for the tooth with a scanning camera. The restoration is prepared in computer aided scraper systems according to the digital measurement taken. The prepared inlay / onlays are glued to the teeth using a special and sensitive bonding system.